In the U.S., the International Building Code and ASTM International define Exterior Insulation and Finish System (EIFS) as a non-load-bearing, exterior wall cladding system that consists of the following: an insulation board attached either adhesively or mechanically, or both, to the substrate; an integrally reinforced base coat; and a textured protective finish coat. Prior to 2000, EIFS were barrier systems, meaning that the EIFS itself was the weather barrier. After 2000 the EIFS industry introduced the air/moisture barrier that resides behind the foam.
Today, EIFS is one of the most tested claddings in the construction industry. Research conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and supported by the Department of Energy, has validated that EIFS is the “best performing cladding” in relation to thermal and moisture control when compared to brick, stucco, and fiber cement siding. In addition EIFS is in full compliance with modern building codes, which emphasize energy conservation through the use of ci (continuous insulation) and a continuous air barrier. Their growing popularity is related to the desire for energy efficiency combined with design flexibility.